Alexander B. Khanikaev, City College of New York, ASRC, & Graduate Center of CUNY

Date: 
Fri, 11/09/2018 - 5:00pm
Location: 
11M North West Corner

 

"Topological states of light and sound"

The past three decades have witnessed the discovery of Quantum Hall Effect (QHE), Quantum Spin Hall Effect (QSHE) and Topological Insulators (TIs), which transformed our views on the quantum states of matter. These exotic states are characterized by insulating behavior in the bulk and the presence of the edge states contributing to charge or spin currents which persist even when the edge is distorted or contains impurities. In the last few years, a number of studies have shown that similar “robust” conducting edge states can be implemented in classical systems [1-4]. In this talk I will review development of this field with focus on photonic and acoustic topological structures with and without time-reversal symmetry that we have recently proposed [3-9]. I will discuss recent experimental realizations of topological order for electromagnetic waves with the use of bianisotropic metamaterials at microwave frequencies [4,6-8]. In addition, new practical designs of photonic and acoustic topological crystalline insulators and their possible applications will be presented. I will show that photonic and acoustic topological systems, with deliberately created distributions of synthetic gauge fields, offer an unprecedented platform for controlling light and sound, e.g. by enabling routing and steering of waves along arbitrarily shaped pathways without loss or backscattering [6] or controlling scattering of light [9]. I will also briefly discuss higher order topological states in acoustic systems.

[1] F. Haldane and S. Raghu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 13904 (2008).
[3] Z. Wang, Y. Chong, J. D. Joannopoulos, and M. Soljacic, Nature 461, 772 (2009).
[4] A. B. Khanikaev, S. H. Mousavi, W.-K. Tse, M. Kargarian, A. H. MacDonald, G. Shvets, Nat. Mater. 12, 233 (2013).
[5] A. B. Khanikaev, R. Fleury, S. H. Mousavi, A. Alù, Nat. Comm. 6, 8260 (2015).
[6] X. Cheng, C. Jouvaud, Xiang Ni, S. H. Mousavi, A. Z. Genack, and A. B. Khanikaev, Nat. Mater, (2016). doi:10.1038/nmat4573
[7] A. Slobozhanyuk, S. H. Mousavi, X. Ni, D. Smirnova, Y. S. Kivshar, A. B. Khanikaev, Nature Photonics 11, 130–136 (2017).
[8] A. B. Khanikaev, G. Shvets, Nature Photonics 11 (12), 763 (2017).
[9] M. A. Gorlach, X. Ni, D. A. Smirnova, D. Korobkin, A. P. Slobozhanyuk, D. Zhirihin, P. A. Belov, A. Alù, A. B. Khanikaev, Nature Comm. 9 (1), 909 (2018)

About the speaker

Dr. Khanikaev’s group focuses on experimental research and theoretical studies of photonic nanostructures and metamaterials aiming to develop novel optical systems and devices with previously unattainable properties and useful functionalities. The research includes an interdisciplinary studies at the edge of optics and such disciplines as biology and condensed matter physics. One of the major research directions is engineering topological order and nonreciprocity in photonic nanostructures with magneto-optical and bianisotropic responses. The bio-oriented research program of the group is aiming to facilitate in-depth characterization of bio-molecules with the use infrared spectroscopy of plasmonic nanostructures and metamaterials

More details can be found here.